Calabanga is a 1st class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines. It is one of the biggest municipalities in terms of population and land area with an approximate 163.84 km². (16,384 hectares), which constitutes 3.1% of the province’s land area. It is composed of 48 barangays, 14 of which are within the urban area and the remaining 34 barangays are within the rural areas. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 73,333 people.
It is bounded on the west by the Bicol River and beyond the municipality of Cabusao; on the south by the municipality of Bombon and Naga City; on the east by the vast forest lands of Mount Isarog, the Tigman River and each tributary forming the natural boundary and beyond the municipality of Tinambac; on the north by the vast fishing grounds of San Miguel Bay, and beyond, the municipalities of Sipocot, Basud and Mercedes.
The origin of the municipality is unfolded from the legends and fables of the old generation. In 1578 when the head Mission of Quipayo was established, Calabanga was only a visita or barrio. At that time, the place had vast forests and swamps and an abundance of wildlife such as monkeys, wild chickens, and forest lizard. Others say, it derived its name from the Bicol word “Calabangan”, the plural term of “labang” or “litag”, meaning a kind of snare for catching wild animals. Another legend says that Calabanga originated from the word “Calagbangan” meaning the wide, long, and straight street spanning from the church through the poblacion, east to west, called locally as “calabaan” or “calacbangan”.
Calabanga became known with 400 tributes. On July 15, 1749, it was separated from Quipayo by virtue of the approval of Don Fray Joan de Arechera, Bishop Elect of Nueva Segovia of the Commissary of the King, in the petition signed & filed by 37 Calabangueños on April 28, 1749 for town to be conveniently administered.
There were 2 visitas, visita de Cagapad and visita de hinarijan and 12 barrios. The barrios were san Antonio, San Vicente, Sta. Catalina, Nuestra Señora de Salud, San Lucas, San Miguel, Sta. Isabel, Nuestra Señora del Carmen, San Roque, San Pablo, San Jose (now Balongay) and Belen.Calabanga is one of the municipalities of the province of Camarines Sur and a member of the Metro Naga Development Council. With its fishing grounds and the vast agricultural area, it is a major supplier of fish and other marine products and prime agricultural products in the
The municipality enjoys the benefits of several support facilities and services to meet the social and economic needs of its populace as follows.
For education, the municipality has a high rate literacy which is attributed to the continuing efforts of the government to make education more accessible to the people. This is being maintained and improved through the 34 public elementary schools located in 32 places and 8 public secondary schools throughout the municipality aside from several private schools offering pre-school, grade school and high school. A college education and technical /vocational courses is being offered by two government-owned institutions the Calabanga Community College and The Central Bicol State University of Agriculture (Calabanga Campus) and privately owned computer schools.
For those who will pursue colleges courses not offered in the municipality of Calabanga, one has to go to colleges and universities in Naga City or in Metro Manila. The health and medical services of the municipality is provided by three (3) physicians, 5 nurses, 18 midwives and 1 dentist from the government sector aside from private medical and dental practitioners.
Health facilities available are 15 private clinics (Medical & Dental), 3 Main and Rural Health Centers and 5 Pharmacies.
The number of health personnel is sufficient and beyond standard as to the ratio to the population, however, facilities and equipments are lacking which are compounded with the dilapidated main health center.
With the social welfare services devolved to the LGU as mandated under RA 7160, which is the Local Government Code of 1991, the municipality of Calabanga have assumed the responsibility of implementing the various programs such as the Child and Youth Welfare, Family and Community Organizing, Women’s Welfare, Elderly and Disabled persons. Other services include family life education and counseling, Aid to individuals in Crisis Situation and emergency assistance which have the most number of clienteles. The municipality was able to establish and maintain 62-Day Care Centers located at 48 barangays.
For protective services, Barangay Tanod and Lupon Tagapamayapa were organized in every barangay and afforded appropriate training to help in keeping and maintaining peace and order and in setting disputes within and among barangay residents.
For sports and recreation, the municipality has a covered court at the poblacion area wherein the municipal-wide annual competitions for various sports activities such as basketball, volleyball and other sports are held. However, almost all barangays have multi-purpose play areas which are usually being utilized by the residents especially the youth, as volleyball and basketball courts. There is also a municipal park at the center of the poblacion area where people could spend their time and relax.
Calabanga has a quite a number of tourism potentials and attractions. Famous among the scenic beauties are the group of small islets/islands of Kawit, Tanglad, and Cabgan which is a few minutes from the shore. These islands are frequently visited by excursionists particularly during summer but these places need more development. Other places that invite picnickers to its cool and clear water are Tigman, Hinaguianan and Inarihan rivers and private commercial resorts. Historical sites worthy to see is the “Ladrillo” or a brick old church and ruins of Quipayo built sometime in 1578, more than four (4) centuries ago, being the seat of the Catholic mission. Another is the “HINULID”, Santo Entiero shrine at Sta. Salud which is an object of Friday devotion and pilgrimage. Thousands of devotees not only from Calabanga but other parts of Bicol Region and the country flock to the shrine during Maundy Thursday and Good Friday.
Calabanga is blessed with rich natural resources. It has big uplands and vast fishing grounds. Agricultural areas are the most extensive areas covering more than half of the total land area in this municipality. It is the dominant land use. Land devoted to crop production is approximately 7,609.79 has. Which include rice, corn and coconut as the major crops and other crops such as abaca, coffee, vegetables, rootcrops and fruit trees.
Side by side with agriculture, fishing and livestock raising constitutes major economic activities. The fish grounds of San Miguel Bay as well as the Bikol River are the rich sources of plentiful fish, shellfish, oysters, capiz shells, prawns, shrimps and other marine species providing various livelihood industries such as fish processing, fish paste and bagoong making and other marine by-product. These marine by-products as well as shrimps, prawn, mudcrabs are supplied to the city of Naga, other neighboring provinces as well as in Manila. Other water sources include Inarihan, Tigman and Hinaguinan river aside from the fishponds for the brackish and freshwater species.
Livestock raising is a thriving industry in the municipality, an inventory of livestock and poultry farms shows that there are 5 commercial piggery and 3 commercial poultry farms operating in the municipality aside from the backyard animal raising which is very common in rural areas.
Next to agriculture and fishing, commerce, trade and industry are important and significant aspects in the economy of the municipality. Commercial and industrial activities are more concentrated in the urban areas that include among others wholesale and retail trade, minor service centers, transport business, community and personal services, drugstores, agri-supplies, gasoline stations while industrial activities include rice milling, fish processing, bamboo craft, furniture making, garments, metal crafts, ice plant, welding and auto repair shops as well as other small enterprises. Nipa shingle production is also one industry predominant at western barangays where nipa swamps could be found. The products are sold not only within the municipality but to nearby towns and Naga City.
The presence of a new Calabanga Public Market which started operation last 1998 finally resolved the demands for a bigger marketing center, while Cooperatives throughout the municipality are gradually developing its enterprises.
Calabanga is endowed with abundant water resources. At present, the main source of local water district for potable water supply is from Balombon spring. Its capacity is 10 lps which is able to serve 18 barangays. The areas being served are San Antonio poblacion, Del Carmen, Sta Isabel, San Miguel, San Vicente, Sta. Salud, San Lucas, San Pablo, San Francisco, Sta Cruz Poblacion, Paolbo, Manguiring, Balombon, San Roque, San Isidro, Pagatpat, Sabang and Salvacion Baybay. Most of these are in the poblacion areas and the rest are the barangays traversed by the source from Balombon.
For barangays not reach by the services of the Local Water District (Level III), the sources are shallow wells, deep wells and water peddlers. These serve the daily needs of the household for potable water supply.
All the barangays of the municipality are link by road system. The municipality is easily accessible from the City of Naga, the province’s prime city. Most of the total road networks need improvements and rehabilitation to provide greater access to far- flung barangay residents and facilitate hauling and marketing of farm produce to the poblacion/ marketing centers. For inter-barangay linkages, tricycles abound that could bring one to various barangay while foot pedalled tricycles/ padyak abound within the poblacion areas. For bus and jeepney parking facilities, there is a privately-owned-operated terminal located at San Francisco but the local government has proposed integrated terminal that will be located within the Calabanga Public Market compound that could accommodate almost all jeepneys and tricycles in the municipality.
From Metro Manila, Calabanga is very much accessible via Naga City. First, by a 45-minute plane flight to Pili airport and a car/jeep ride of some 40 minutes to Calabanga. Another choice is a 7–10 hours aircon bus trip direct to Calabanga being provided by three (3) bus lines. The Philippine National Railways (PNR) also provide trips from Manila to Bicol and vice- versa having a station at Naga City, then it takes some 20–30 minutes ride from Naga City to Calabanga. The power supply in the municipality of Calabanga is provided by the NAPOCOR through the Camarines Sur Electric Cooperative II (CASURECO II). At present, all the 48 barangays of the municipality are already served with electricity, however, several sitios of far-flung barangays are still longing for the extension of power lines to their places.
The modern technology on Communications and information has far reached the municipality of Calabanga and has provided the constituents with better access to communication. Calabanga is being served by private telephone companies, the L.M. United Telephone Company (UNITEL) and the BAYANTEL Company which provides individual connections for those at the urban and outlaying barangays. These companies provide local and long distance calls to Metro Manila or any point in the country or any other place where the system can reach. Year 2002, the cellular mobile phone services within the municipality was improved and expanded through the installation of telecommunication facilities such as the cell site by two private telecommunication companies. The Bureau of Telecommunications, a government operated agency having a Telecom Office stationed in the municipality is providing telegraphic services to the residents of Calabanga while Postal services is provided mainly by the Philippine postal corporation.
Naga City TV relay stations as well as the cable TV stations are tuned-in in the municipality while a local cable TV station and a private; local community television station and a newly opened radio station are based in the municipality. Radio broadcasts from several radio stations in Canaman, Naga City and Legaspi are received regularly. Local as well as national newspapers and magazines are available regularly from newsstands and newsboys from Naga City.
|Name of School||Address|
|Calabanga Central Division Pilot School||San Francisco Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Calabanga West Central School||San Francisco Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Balatasan Elementary School||Balatasan Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Balombon Elementary School||Balombon Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Balongay Elementary School||Balongay Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Binaliw Elementary School||Binaliw Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Binanuaanan Grande Elementary School||Binanuaanan Grande Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Binanuanan Pequeño Elementary School||Binanuaanan Pequeño Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Burabod Elementary School||Burabod Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Cagsao Elementary School||Cagsao Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Camuning Elementary School||Camuning Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Comaguingking Elementary School||Comaguingking Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Dominorog Elementary School||Dominorog Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|G. Dumalasa Elementary School||Bonot Sta. Rosa Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Fabrica Elementary School||Fabrica Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Harubay Elementary School||Harubay Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Hinaguianan Elementary School||Manguiring Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Ilihan Elementary School||Tomagodtod Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Lope Guisic Elementary School||Sto. Domingo Calabanga, Camarines Sur|
|Lugsad Elementary School||Lugsad Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Manguiring Elementary School||Manguiring Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Pagatpat Elementary School||Pagatpat Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Paolbo-Belen Elementary School||Paolbo Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Pinada Elementary School||Pinada Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Punta Tarawal Elementary School||Punta Tarawal Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Quinale Elem. School||Quinale Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Quipayo Elementary School||La Purisima Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Ratay Elementary School||Sta. Cruz Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Sabang Elementary School||Sabang Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Salvacion Baybay Elementary School||Salvacion Baybay Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Siba-O Elem. School||Siba-O Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Sibobo Elementary School||Sibobo Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Sta. Cruz Quipayo Elementary School||Sta. Cruz Quipayo Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Taculod Elementary School||San Roque Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Tomagodtod Elementary School||Tomagodtod Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Union Elementary School||San Lucas Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|San Bernardino Elementary School||San Bernardino Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Calabanga National High School||Sta. Cruz Poblacion Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Union National High School||Sto. Domingo Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Jose De Villa Memorial High School||Maguiring Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Quipayo High School||San Antonio Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Sabang High School||Sabang Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|West Coast High School||Dominorog Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Central Bicol State University of Agriculture Laboratory High School Calabanga Campus||Sta. Cruz Poblacion Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Malayan Computer College former Na sisiraan School||San Antonio Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Nuestra Seniora De La Salud Family Rural School||Sta Salud Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Dominican School of Calabanga||San Francisco Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Inarihan SDA Multi-Grade School||Paolbo Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Our Lady of La Porteria Academy||San Antonio Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Hansel and Gretel Learning School||San Isidro Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Central Bicol State University of Agriculture||Sta. Cruz Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|WorldTech Research Institute||San Antonio Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Calabanga Community College||Sta. Cruz Poblacion Calabanga Camarines Sur|
|Mystic Peak||MP HOLE|